Possibly the most important tool of dental care is a good toothbrush. If there have been no special interventions in the dentist’s office, and the row of teeth and the gums are healthy, the most appropriate choice is a medium toothbrush with small head, a soft rounded-end bristle and a strongly grippable handle. A small head is needed to reach all the outer and inner surfaces of the teeth.
We do not suggest you to use a toothbrush with a hard bristle because it can only do harm in the gum and in the enamel; the usage of a toothbrush with a soft bristle is only reasonable in case of gingivitis. Bristles with a soft rounded-end and a flexibly grippable handle are important to prevent tooth and gum injuries.
You should not press the toothbrush on the teeth because it will quickly get spoiled (the tooth and the gums as well), but it is important not to wash the bristles before cleaning our teeth because this way the rubbing effect will be smaller!
After tooth-cleaning a toothbrush needs 24 hours to get dry completely so it is very important to use two toothbrushes for two tooth-cleanings per one day and three toothbrushes for three tooth-cleanings per one day (it is also valid for the head of electric toothbrushes). Of course it does not mean additional costs because the toothbrush which is used more seldom goes to ruin much slower.
It is worth changing your toothbrushes in every month or in every second month. If it gets spoiled much faster than this, then either the chosen brand is too bad or you are too strong.
In terms of gentle tooth-cleaning toothbrushes were made with carefully rounded bristles and bristles which are thinner towards the top. The appearance of rubber surfaces on the head of toothbrushes makes careful polishing possible (this can have a minor whitening effect).
The toothpaste is creamy or gel-like material compiled from different substances, and its most important role is that it makes tooth-cleaning more pleasant (tooth-cleaning without toothpaste can also lead to a satisfactory result but inbetween there is a bad flavour in the mouth). Beside this function of course very important substances are put into it which increases the efficiency of the cleaning process.
Widespread substances are the abraisive materials (small granules which intensify the cleaning effect and help polishing the surface of the teeth e.g. silica, perlite), water, perfume and flavouring materials, and additives which bind contaminations. For the teeth the most important ingredients of the toothpaste are the fluorides which build into the dissolved enamel to make it more resistant against acids.
Another important ingredient is triclosan which sticks to the surface of other parts of the teeth or the oral cavity to help the cleaned mouth to remain clean by detaining the reproduction of bacteria.
The dental floss is the basic tool for cleaning a healthy row of teeth, and it can only be placed next to the toothbrush in importance. On one row of teeth, 3 tooth-surfaces from 5 are cleaned by a toothbrush and 2 surfaces are cleaned with the dental floss.
Dental flosses are only able to clean the surfaces of the teeth accurately if the interproximals are normal and the gums are relatively undamaged. In case of spaces between teeth and highly damaged gums, the cleaning of the opened interproximals requires special tools: thick dental flosses and brushes for the cleaning of interproximals.